FAQs & Diagnostic Updates
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Animals & Medicine
Why are pets given medicines?
Pets need medicines for the same types of illnesses that humans do. Scientists have developed medicines for animals to treat infectious diseases, heartworms, intestinal parasites, and drugs that enhance pets quality of life, such as motion sickness medicines. We have also developed vaccines to prevent devastating diseases such as rabies, canine parvovirus, and feline leukemia.
What are common types of animal medicines?
Vaccines to prevent animal diseases such as West Nile Virus, foot and mouth disease, and rabies.
Flea and tick products or insecticides to kill fleas, ticks, mites, and flies for pets, livestock and poultry.
Pharmaceuticals, including de-wormers, antibiotics to treat illnesses, and anti-inflammatory medicines for pain relief.
Why are farm animals given medicines?
There are a variety of conditions that can affect food producing animals, such as bacterial and viral infections and parasitic infestations. In order to keep animals healthy and reduce suffering, animal medicines are administered by veterinarians and producers to prevent, control, and treat these problems.
How are medicines used for food-producing animals?
Veterinarians have a broad range of animal medicines available to them in the fight against animal diseases. Animal medicines are used to:
Prevent diseases Vaccines and pharmaceuticals are needed to prevent and control infectious diseases among livestock and poultry.
Treat sick animals Antibiotics are necessary for the treatment of sick animals and to prevent the spread of disease to other livestock.
Control outbreaks Veterinarians use medicines to control internal and external parasites in animals.
How is farm animal health related to food safety?
Research shows that healthy animals are an important factor in providing safer food. Animal medicines are a critical link in the food safety chain, as they represent needed tools for farmers and veterinarians to help to produce healthy animals and to improve the availability of affordable protein.
Who regulates animal medicines and how are they approved for use?
Like human medicines, animal medicines undergo extensive trials and testing and must be approved by the federal government before they enter the marketplace. All drugs must demonstrate they are safe and effective for the labeled indication(s), must be properly labeled, and must be produced under good manufacturing practices.
Antibiotic Use in Animals
Why are antibiotics used in animals?
To prevent and manage infectious diseases, it is sometimes necessary for veterinarians and farmers to use antibiotics. Research has shown the proper use of antibiotics can keep food animals healthy and reduce the potential for harmful bacterial contamination of finished meat products. Medically important antibiotics added to feed or water are only used in food animals when it is necessary to treat, control or prevent disease and illness, and exclusively under the supervision and prescription of a licensed veterinarian.
Are antibiotics used to make animals grow bigger and faster?
Farmers, veterinarians, and the companies that make medicines for animals comply with the FDA policy, which ensures animal health and well-being while providing consumers with the safest food possible.
what situations are farm animals given antibiotics?
Animals will only be given medically-important antibiotics when it is necessary to treat, control or prevent diseases, and only under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian. These are all therapeutic uses, meaning there is no longer any sub-therapeutic use of medically important antibiotics in food animals.
My chicken is continuously coughing and suffering from flue what do I do?
- Improve on ventilation of the poultry house
- Avoid overstocking of birds
- Disinfect feeders and drinkers daily
- Treat using an antibiotic recommended by the vet
How often should I vaccinate my birds
- Local chicken should be vaccinated every 2 months against Newcastle disease
- Exotic chicken should be vaccinated following the vaccinations schedules provided
My birds are passing out brownish diarrhea what could the problem be? And how do I prevent it?
- Avoid wetting the litter
- Disinfect drinkers and feeders daily
- Turn litter/rake litter especially if wet
- Avoid contamination of feed and drinkers with fecal material
- Use anticoccidial drugs in drinking water
My birds are failing to stand and sitting on their hocks, what could be the issue
- Calcium deficiency solved by adding calcium levels in the feed/water
- Coccidiosis solved by treating using anticoccidials
My birds are turning their hocks and passing out the greenish fecal matter, what could be the problem?
- That is Newcastle disease can be solved by vaccinating your birds frequently against Newcastle.
- Treat secondary bacterial infection with antibiotics recommended by a vet if it occurs