LUMPY SKIN DISEASE
Dairy cattle in peak production are often the most severely affected with a marked decrease in milk production. Depression, anorexia, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and excess salivation may also be observed. In severely affected animals, necrotic lesions can also develop in the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. The disease can be subclinical (up to 50% of cases in an outbreak) or may be very severe or even fatal. Morbidity varies between 5 to 45% and mortality rate usually remains below 10% but both rates can be considerably higher when an outbreak occurs in a naïve cattle population.
After an initial period of high fever (41°C) and swollen lymph glands, the animal may develop large, firm nodules that are up to 5 cm in diameter in the skin. These can be found all over the body, but particularly on the: Head, neck, udder, scrotum, perineum.
The nodules may become necrotic and ulcerate, leading to an increased risk of flystrike.